Chest Computed Tomography (CT) is not routinely recommended in COVID-19 pneumonia based on current ACR guidelines but it has the capability to diagnosis the disease in asymptomatic, suspected and equivocal cases, follow-up the disease progression and detect the complications when respiratory status deteriorates . Identifying admitting CT predictors of mortality in nonelderly healthy patients without underlying medical conditions will aid to distinguish the most vulnerable patients in this age group and thus alter the management. A few more recently published observational studies have proposed potential imaging-based prognostic indices to predict mortality, but statistically higher-level studies are warranted. To our knowledge, a dedicated case-control study has not yet been performed for the assessment of radiological prognostic factors in COVID-19 pneumonia. Furthermore, and upon literature review, no study has specifically focused on imaging analysis of COVID-19 pneumonia in healthy nonelderly patients. In this case-control study, we aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of multiple CT features of COVID-19 pneumonia on initial presentation in nonelderly patients without preexisting underlying medical conditions. We hypothesized that initial CT findings may reliably be able to predict short-term mortality in younger healthy individuals with COVID-19 pneumonia.